Arequipa is a Peruvian city, capital of the homonymous province and the homonymous department. It is the official seat of the Constitutional Court and the “Legal Capital of Peru.” It is the second most populated city in Peru, after Lima, with a population of one million 27 thousand inhabitants according to the estimate and projection of the INEI, 2018-2020. done in January 2020.
Its metropolitan area integrates twenty-one districts, including the Arequipa district, a founding and historic place and the seat of the city government. The city has a Nominal GDP of 16,180 million (USD) and a nominal GDP Per Capita of 18,470 USD, which represents a GDP PPP Per Capita of 23,210 USD in the 2017 period, being the second city with the highest economic activity in Peru.
Arequipa is also an important industrial and commercial center of Peru, and is considered the second industrial city in the country. Within its industrial activity, manufactured products and textile production of camelid wool with export quality stand out. The city maintains close commercial ties with Chile, Bolivia and Brazil and with the cities connected by the Southern Railway, as well as with the port of Matarani.
The city was founded on August 15, 1540, under the name of “Villa Hermosa de Nuestra Señora de la Asunta” in the name of the Marquis Francisco Pizarro and on September 22, 1541 the monarch Carlos V in Royal Decree orders that it be called “City of Arequipa”. In the viceregal period, it acquired importance due to its outstanding economic role, and is characterized by its loyalty to the Spanish Crown, receiving titles such as “Very Noble and Very Loyal” and that of “Fidelísima” by the crown. republican history of Peru the city has been the focus of popular, civic and democratic rebellions, it has also been the cradle of outstanding intellectual, political and religious figures in the country. In the republican era it was given the title of “Heroic city of the free of Arequipa ».
Its historic center extends over an area of 332 hectares, having been declared by UNESCO as a “Cultural Heritage of Humanity.” The historical and monumental heritage that it houses and its various scenic and cultural spaces make it a city that receives tourism National and international, in its historical center, the viceregal and republican religious architecture stands out, a product of a mixture of Spanish and indigenous characteristics, which constituted a stylistic school called “Arequipeña School” whose influence reached as far as Potosí (Bolivia).